Teaching Literacy and Reading Lesson Plan

Education is an important part of a human’s life. People want to get a good education in order to get a good job in the future. It is not a secret today that the earlier people start their learning, the bigger account of knowledge they can get. From the very childhood, children start to get some knowledge in the kindergartens. The more senior the child becomes, the more information he or she can accept.

One of the main problems the teachers can face is to make children interested in voluntary reading. The teacher cannot give and work all possible and necessary information during the lesson. So, much literature is to give children to voluntary reading. And it comes to a problem here how to explain children the necessity of reading additional literature.

It is very important to force students to voluntary reading as it gives them additional information which can help them to make up their own view in the future. Students may stop reading if they find it not important. So, the teachers’ aim is to make students understand that reading is a challenge.

One of the main aspects which can make a student interested in a book is its context. If the book seems to be interested in a student, he or she is going to read it. The problems start when the book seems to be uninteresting for a student. The aim of a teacher is to prove the contrary.

One of the techniques to foster voluntary reading is to present the most exciting fragment from the book in class; the intonation is very important. Students will get interested in it, and it is going to be a reason to start reading this book. The teacher may give students a situation and give the task to think about its development. And then the teacher may advise reading one more original solution to the problem in this or that book.

One more approach is to show students apart from the movie of cartoon based on this or that book. The pictures in a book and its cover play the main part in choosing the book to read for small learners. The main task for the teacher is to make students interested in the book, no matter how old they are.

We are going to make up a lesson plan. We are going to take the third grade for this purpose. According to the Virginia Department of Education Revised English Standards of Learning Curriculum Framework Adopted by the Board of Education the students of the third grade should “build reading comprehension through reading a variety of literature, to include but not be limited to narrative fiction, such as folktales, and nonfiction materials, such as biographies and autobiographies.

Students will continue to develop strategic reading skills, such as word analysis and construction of meaning from the text”. (2003) During reading a variety of fiction and nonfiction materials, students should use “different strategies to read text including fiction, poetry, nonfiction, content texts, and other printed materials” (Virginia Department of Education 2003).

Students also must read from 90 to 120 words per minute, read fluently and accurately. They should get the main idea of the text, connect it with their knowledge and experience in order to be able to state their own idea about the read text. The students should be able to give confirmation or to argue the statements according to their point of view. They also should give new ideas or new understanding of the problem after reading new information (Virginia Department of Education 2003).

Lesson Plan of the ”Cinderella” by Charles Perrault


  1. To introduce the fairy tale genre to children.
  2. To organize the reading of a fairy tale ”Cinderella” by Charles Perrault.
  3. To show good and evil in the fairy tale by Charles Perrault and give life examples.
  4. Indicating positive and negative characters in the story.


  1. Pictures of the main characters from the fairy tale ”Cinderella” by Charles Perrault and the fairy tales (10 – 15).
  2. Shits of paper and colored pencils for every child.


  1. At the very beginning of the lesson to offer children to imagine themselves in a fairy tale and ask them how do they understand this genre “fairy tale” (all answers should be written on a blackboard).
  2. The teacher asks children whether they know the fairy tale ”Cinderella” by Charles Perrault and asks to name the main characters of it (all answers should be written on a blackboard).
  3. The teacher shows children pictures, and they have to find the main characters of the discussed story.
  4. The teacher offers to talk about the good and evil human actions in our lives and to play a game. When the teacher names good actions, children should clap their hands; when the teacher names bad actions, children should do nothing. For example, to embrace (clap), to shout (no clap).
  5. Children point out the positive and negative characters of the story and tell what actions they did (good or bad, what exactly these characters did).
  6. Children read the most striking parts of the story (the situations when sisters were gathering to the ball when Cinderella’s Godmother appeared, the end of a ball for Cinderella, the end of a story).
  7. Children are offered to draw one of the main characters in the fairy tale.
  8. The teacher divides children into small groups and asks them to create another ending of a story. What could be if Cinderella did not lose her shoe if the prince did not find her or another variant.

Home task: to read the whole story and make up a project: “The ball of my dream.” Children should imagine that they are either princes or princesses and to draw the ball as they imagine it.

There are several approaches to education: basal or anthology approach, literature-based approach, language-experience approach, and the integrated approach. The basal or anthology approach means that the whole study process is concentrated in the hands of teachers. It is very easy to follow the grades; after every grade, it is a test. As was said, the center of this approach is a teacher, not a child.

The whole creative process does the teacher. The literature-based approach means that the learning process is organized with the help of books and reading. Students should learn to read by reading books.

The language-experience approach takes place when the teacher writes the stories by himself leaning on his or her own life experience. An integrated approach is an approach when the positive qualities of children are found out, and teachers become to look for new stretches and add to existing ones.

In conclusion, the literature-based approach best fits in with my philosophy of teaching reading. Reading teaches not only language skills but also the ability to think, to make up new ideas, to create a new vision.

Works Cited

“Virginia Department of Education Revised English Standards of Learning Curriculum Framework Adopted by the Board of Education”. 2003

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