What are the Main Features of the Homeric Worldview?
The Homeric worldview resembles the orthodox Greek perspective (Cunningham & Reich 39). Homeric conception of the world characterized a flat and rounded disk of land enclosed by an endless ocean stream. Based on the above representation, it was believed that the earth’s plateau was amid Oceanus.
The sun, the moon, and the stars were thought to be rising from the edges of Oceanus. As such, the above heavenly bodies were believed to have moved in an arc across the skies before sinking into the Oceanus. Similarly, Homeric believed that Greece was the center of the world. Regions outside Greece were considered to be at the periphery parts of the world. Individuals from outside Greece were perceived to be uncivilized.
Another main feature of Homeric worldview is that metaphysical features and related with oriental worldviews (Cunningham & Reich 42). The above imply that none of the features sees any absolute separation between the animate and inanimate worlds. For instance, in Homeric epics anthropological gods were organized in societies and lineages resembling human societies and lineages.
In addition, it should be noted that Homer’s worldview was not deprived of supreme beings (Cunningham & Reich 43). For instance, Homer thought that individuals could only succeed when gods were on their side. Similarly, Homer believed that a supernatural force controlled human life. Homer referred to this force as fate. In Early Greece, the authors indicated that Clothos, Atropos, and Lachesis governed the life of humans.
Cunningham, Lawrence, and John Reich. Readings for Culture and values: a survey of the humanities, seventh edition. Boston, MA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.
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